Otologic or vestibular causes of vertigo are the most common causes of dizziness and include benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), vestibular neuritis (viral infection of the vestibular nerve), labyrinthitis (infection of the labyrinthine organs), and Meniere disease (increased endolymphatic fluid in the inner ear). An estimated 35 percent of adults 40 years and older have vestibular dysfunction.
Symptoms of Vertigo
Vertigo is often triggered by a change in the position of your head.
People with vertigo typically describe it as feeling like they are:
• Pulled to one direction
• Feeling nauseated
• Abnormal or jerking eye movements (nystagmus)